服务热线: 400-693-3363
荣仕杰 · 智为人先焊接机器人工作站一体化集成/设计/制造商
见智见未来          荣仕杰智能装备经十年积淀再创辉煌
点焊机器人厂家对点焊机机器人的特点介绍。
作者: 编辑: 来源: 发布日期: 2019.11.06
信息摘要:
昆山荣仕杰为您详细介绍点焊机器人!更多详情请点击首页查看视频!

昆山荣仕杰为您详细介绍点焊机器人!更多详情请点击首页查看视频!

点焊机器人(spot welding robot) 用于点焊自动作业的工业机器人。世界上第一台 点焊机于1965年开始使用,是美国Unimation公司推出的Unimate机器人,中国在1987年自行研制成第一台点焊机器人── 华宇-Ⅰ型点焊机器人。

中文名
点焊机器人 
外文名
(spot welding robot)
用    于
点焊自动作业的工业机器人
组    成
机器人本体、计算机控制系统
作    用
点焊

优点

编辑
点焊机器人由机器人本体计算机控制系统示教盒点焊焊接系统几部分组成,由于为了适应灵活动作的工作要求,通常电焊机器人选用关节式工业机器人的基本设计,一般具有六个自由度:腰转、大臂转、小臂转、腕转、腕摆及腕捻。其驱动方式有液压驱动和电气驱动两种。其中电气驱动具有保养维修简便、能耗低、速度高、精度高、安全性好等优点,因此应用较为广泛。点焊机器人按照示教程序规定的动作、顺序和参数进行点焊作业,其过程是完全自动化的,并且具有与外部设备 通信的接口,可以通过这一接口接受上一级主控与管理计算机的控制命令进行工作。

应用

编辑
使用点焊机器人最多领域应当属汽车车身的自动装配车间。(见右图)
点焊机器人加工汽车车身外壳(图源:KUKA)

技术特点

编辑

  (1)技术综合性强 工业机器人与自动化成套技术,集中并融合了多项学科,涉及多项技术领域,包括工业机器人控制技术、 机器人动力学及仿真、机器人构建有限元分析激光加工技术模块化程序设计、智能测量、建模加工一体化、 工厂自动化以及精细物流等先进制造技术,技术综合性强。
(2)应用领域广泛工业机器人与自动化成套装备是生产过程的关键设备,可用于制造、安装、检测、物流等生产环节,并广泛应用于汽车整车及汽车零部件、工程机械、轨道交通、低压电器、电力、IC装备、军工、烟草、金融、医药、冶金及印刷出版等众多行业,应用领域非常广泛。
(3)技术先进工业机器人集精密化、柔性化、智能化、软件应用开发等先进制造技术于一体,通过对过程实施检测、控制、优化、调度、管理和决策,实现增加产量、提高质量、降低成本、减少资源消耗和环境污染,是工业自动化水平的最高体现。
(4)技术升级工业机器人与自动化成套装备具备精细制造、精细加工以及柔性生产等技术特点,是继动力机械、计算机之后,出现的全面延伸人的体力和智力的新一代生产工具,是实现生产数字化、自动化、网络化以及智能化的重要手段。  [1]  

相关资料

编辑
点焊机器人操作流程
1. 确保水电气齐全,并且保证安全门、光栅的报警解除。
2. 在机器人手动状态下,将机器人光标移到报警栏,并按下全部确认,确认焊接使能是开的(示教盒屏幕左下角蓝色按钮不是打叉状态)。
3. 在机器人示教盒上选择输入/输出界面,检查机器人的工作中、工作完成信号是否复位,若未复位,将其复位;然后将机器人示教盒上的状态选择开关打到自动挡,示教盒上的程序指针将指向CELL主程序{若示教盒上的程序指针没有指向CELL主程序,需将机器人示教盒上的状态选择开关打到手动挡,然后到R1文件夹中选择cell程序(按回车键选择),再将机器人示教盒上的状态选择开关打到自动挡},机器人切换到自动运行状态。
4. 按下主操作台的报警复位按钮,将手动/维修/自动选择开关拨到自动位置。
5. 确认示教盒上的程序指针是否指向CELL主程序。
6. 接通伺服电源:按下操作盒上的伺服上电按钮,使变位机伺服电源同时接通,相应的绿色伺服电源灯亮,并保证报警复位的红灯熄灭,若没熄灭,则按几下此报警复位按钮;然后按下启动按钮(2s),相应的指示灯同时点亮,工作站便进入自动运行工作状态。
简单的问题处理
1. 若机器人因故停止,将机器人和操作盒都打到手动,然后按一两下操作盒上的报警复位,再将机器人光标移到报警栏,并按下全部确认,将报警复位掉,然后将示教盒打到自动,然后重复上述第6步。
2. 若电极头掉了,待其他机器人工作完成后,将示教盒和操作台都打到手动T1模式,若方便安装,则按好后重新启动机器人即可(按一两下操作盒上的报警复位,再将机器人光标移到报警栏,并按下全部确认,将报警复位掉,然后将示教盒打到自动,然后重复上述第6步);若不好安装,则需将机器人操作到方便的位置(不要撞到任何东西),换好后将机器人移动到所停的位置的前一点(将机器人移动到该点的附近位置,然后句选择到该点,按住前进检查直到机器人自动停止,过程中保证不会碰撞),重新启动即可。

发展趋势

编辑
点焊机器人最先大规模使用的区域将会出如今发达地区。随着产业转移的进行,发达地区的制造业需要提升。基於工人成本不断增长的现实,点焊机器人的应用成为最好替代方式。未来我国点焊机器人的大范围应用将会集中在广东、江苏、上海、北京等地,其点焊机器人拥有量将占全国一半以上。日益增长的点焊机器人市场以及巨大的市场潜力吸引世界着名机器人生产厂家的目光。当前,我国进口的点焊机器人主要来自日本,但是随着诸如“机器人”类似的具有自有知识产权的企业不断出现,越来越多的点焊机器人将会由中国制造。  [2]  

英文版:

Kunshan Rongshijie introduces you to the spot welding robot in detail! For more details, please click on the home page to view the video!

Spot welding robot An industrial robot used for spot welding automation. The world's first spot welder began to be used in 1965. It was the Unimate robot launched by Unimation Corporation of the United States. In 1987, China developed its first spot welding robot, the Huayu-I type spot welding robot.

Chinese name spot welding robot, spot welding robot, industrial robot for spot welding automatic operation, robot body, computer control system, spot welding
table of Contents
1 advantage
2 applications
3 Technical characteristics
4 Related Information
5 Development trends
    
Advantage editing
The spot welding robot consists of a robot body, a computer control system, a teaching box and a spot welding system. In order to meet the requirements of flexible operation, the welding robot usually adopts the basic design of the joint industrial robot, and generally has six degrees of freedom. : waist, big arm turn, small arm turn, wrist turn, wrist swing and wrist watch. The driving method is hydraulic drive and electric drive. Among them, the electric drive has the advantages of simple maintenance, low energy consumption, high speed, high precision and good safety, so it is widely used. The spot welding robot performs spot welding operations according to the actions, sequences and parameters specified in the teaching procedure. The process is fully automated and has an interface for communication with external devices, which can accept the upper level master and management computer through this interface. Control commands work.
    
Application editing
The most field of use of spot welding robots should be the automatic assembly shop of the car body. (see photo to the right)
Spot welding robot processing automobile body shell (Source: KUKA)
    
Technical feature editing

(1) Technical comprehensive industrial robots and automated complete sets of technologies, which integrate and integrate multiple disciplines, covering a variety of technical fields, including industrial robot control technology, robot dynamics and simulation, robot construction finite element analysis, laser processing technology, Advanced manufacturing technology such as modular programming, intelligent measurement, modeling and processing integration, factory automation and fine logistics, with comprehensive technology.
(2) Application fields A wide range of industrial robots and automation equipment are the key equipments in the production process. They can be used in manufacturing, installation, testing, logistics and other production processes, and are widely used in automotive vehicles and auto parts, engineering machinery, rail transit, Low-voltage electrical appliances, electric power, IC equipment, military, tobacco, finance, medicine, metallurgy, printing and publishing, and many other industries, a wide range of applications.
(3) Advanced industrial robots integrate advanced manufacturing technologies such as precision, flexibility, intelligence, software application development, etc., through the detection, control, optimization, scheduling, management and decision-making of the process, to increase production and improve quality. Reducing costs, reducing resource consumption and environmental pollution are the highest manifestations of industrial automation.
(4) Technology upgrade Industrial robots and automation equipments have the technical characteristics of fine manufacturing, fine processing and flexible production. It is a new generation of production tools that extend the physical strength and intelligence of human beings after power machinery and computers. An important means of digitization, automation, networking and intelligence. [1] 
    
Related information editing
Spot welding robot operation flow
1. Ensure that the water and electricity are complete and that the alarms of the safety door and the grating are released.
2. In the robot manual state, move the robot cursor to the alarm bar and press all to confirm that the weld enable is on (the blue button in the lower left corner of the teach pendant screen is not crossed).
3. Select the input/output interface on the robot teaching box to check whether the robot's work and work completion signal are reset. If it is not reset, reset it; then, turn the status selector switch on the robot teaching box to the automatic gear. The program pointer on the teaching box will point to the CELL main program. {If the program pointer on the teaching box does not point to the CELL main program, you need to change the status selector switch on the robot teaching box to the manual gear, and then select it in the R1 folder. The cell program (press the Enter key to select), then the state selection switch on the robot teaching box is turned to the automatic gear}, and the robot switches to the automatic running state.
4. Press the alarm reset button on the main station to set the manual/service/automatic selector switch to the automatic position.
5. Confirm that the program pointer on the teach pendant points to the CELL main program.
6. Turn on the servo power: press the servo power-on button on the operation box to make the servo power of the positioner turn on at the same time, the corresponding green servo power light is on, and the red light of the alarm reset is extinguished. If it is not extinguished, press Several times this alarm reset button; then press the start button (2s), the corresponding indicator lights at the same time, the workstation will enter the automatic running state.
Simple problem handling
1. If the robot stops for any reason, turn the robot and the operation box to manual, then press the alarm reset on the operation box one or two times, then move the robot cursor to the alarm bar and press all to confirm, reset the alarm. Then hit the teach pendant to Auto and repeat step 6 above.
2. If the electrode tip is off, after the other robots work, the teaching box and the console will be in manual T1 mode. If it is convenient to install, press the robot and restart the robot (press one or two times on the operation box). Reset the alarm, then move the robot cursor to the alarm bar, press all to confirm, reset the alarm, then turn the teaching box to automatic, then repeat step 6 above; if it is not installed, the robot needs to be Operate to a convenient location (do not hit anything), move the robot to the previous point of the stopped position after changing it (move the robot to a position near the point, then select the sentence to the point, press and hold the check until The robot stops automatically, and it does not collide during the process. It can be restarted.
    
Development trend editor
The first large-scale use of spot welding robots will be in developed areas. As industrial transfers progress, manufacturing in developed regions needs to improve. Based on the growing reality of worker costs, the application of spot welding robots has become the best alternative. In the future, the wide range of applications of spot welding robots in China will be concentrated in Guangdong, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Beijing and other places, and the number of spot welding robots will account for more than half of the country. The growing spot welding robot market and huge market potential attract the attention of the world's leading robot manufacturers. At present, China's imported spot welding robots are mainly from Japan, but with the emergence of companies with their own intellectual property rights such as "robots", more and more spot welding robots will be made in China. [2] 
Reference material

荣仕杰推荐资讯
浅谈汽车螺母点焊机的焊接工艺

浅谈汽车螺母点焊机的焊接工艺

今天荣仕杰小编跟大家讲解一下汽车螺母点焊机的焊接工艺:螺母凸焊是碰焊的一种形变,一般是在两零件之一上冲出凸点,然后进行焊接。由于电流集中,克服了碰焊时熔核平移的缺点,因此凸焊时工件的厚度比可以超过6:1。凸焊时,电流必须随着凸点被压溃而迅速下降,否则会因失压而产生喷溅,所以应采用电极随动性好的凸......
一套完整的焊接机器人工作站包括哪些设备?

一套完整的焊接机器人工作站包括哪些设备?

焊接机器人与焊接机器人工作站到底有什么区别,荣仕杰小编告诉您一般焊接机器人指的就是一套机器,主要由机械手总成、控制系统、示教育系统、焊机、送丝机构、焊枪等组成。而焊接机器人工作站除了包括焊接机器人外,还包括了很多辅助设备如地轨、变位机、翻转台、焊缝跟踪系统、安全围栏、清枪器、安全系统、外围设备......
热成型钢白车身点焊工艺技术方法与流程。

热成型钢白车身点焊工艺技术方法与流程。

热成型板的普及使用也促使热成型板的焊接技术要跟上潮流,下边简单介绍下热成型板的点焊工艺技术方法与流程-RSJ

咨询热线

400-693-3363